LUXMAN   vintage audio

 Lafayette LA-200 amplifier

 

General:

Around 1960/1962 issued solid-state stereo amplifier for USA markets made in Japan.
 

front unrestored ^

This particular amp was initially bought in the UK as international version, uncommon in the USA.

 

Owners manual:

Click here to download the user manual of the Lafayette LA-200 amplifier.

 

Front detail, selector knob not original^
 

Special futures:

This amplifier comes with cinch input sockets.
Light and small footprint amp.
Metal case.
Well build and good parts used.
This amp employs all germanium transistors.
The pcb's of the amp are sitting vertically in the amp.

 

Amplifier interior unrestored:  here you see a heavely used and unprofessionally repaired electronic device that needs a full overhaul ^

 

Specifications:

Lafayette LA-200

Power output: 10 watts RMS per channel into 8 Ohms (stereo)

Frequency response: 20Hz to 20kHz +/- 3dB

Total harmonic distortion: 0.5% at RMS output

Damping factor: >15

Input sensitivity: 2.5mV (tape head), 5mV (phono magnetic), 80mV (phono ceramic), 300mV (line)

Tape-out rec. sockets

Signal to noise ratio: better than 50dB (mag), 70dB (line)

Speaker load impedance: 8 to 16 Ohms (minimum)

Semiconductors: 19 x transistors, 5 x diodes

Solid aluminum front plate.

Weight: 8lbs

Year: 1960-1962

 


Back view unrestored ^

 

Pcb's from back view unrestored, here you see how unprofessional the initial repair was done: ^
a silicon transistor soldered to the leads of the old germanium NPN driver transistor,
this silicon transistor blew instantly when the amp was switched on.

 

Schematic:

Click here to download the schematic diagram of the Lafayette LA-200 amplifier in PDF.

Power rail main voltage is -40 Volt assymetric, the power transformer has both 117V and 230V~ connections:
consequently due to the detrimental power change to 230V in Europe the voltage of the power rail is ok on 230V setting.
Power supply + is connected to ground.
OTL and DTL class B push-pull power amp section.
Early direct DC coupled power amp section with early Germanium driver transistors: Toshiba 2SB200 and 2SD100, pre-driver: 2SB56.
Complementary driver stage, semi-complementary power stage. The pre-amp is AC coupled.
All Toshiba & Matsusita germanium transistors inside.
The amp has a "power transistor protection" circuit on the power-rail pcb.

 

Power amp partially restored ^

 

Modifications:

I replaced some diodes, capacitors and resistors in the power supply and power rail.
Also I exchanged the speaker output screws for sockets as they were of bad quality.
The power rail capacitors were cracked and had to be replaced.
On the pcb's there are some 10 special devices: consisting out of a capacitor in combination with a resistor in one single can:
used as transistor-emitter device, I had to replace them all as they were way out of specs.
The power transistors 2SB26 were broken in the right channel, so I replaced them with
AD142 as the 2SB26 are unavailable,
in the right amp the drivers 2SB200-2SD100 were broken too, replaced them too for 2SB383 (Sony) and 2N1304 (Ti),
as the original transistors are unavailable too. This works fine. Check DC offset after repair, set to approx.19V with VR301.
You may also use AD166 (Siemens), AL102 (Ates), 2SB337 (Hitachi), AD149(K)(H)(D) (Philips, Valvo), AD150(H) (Siemens),
or any usable TO-3 germanium transistor as 40V Uce power transistors.

The pre-amp sections all have 2SB346 and 2SB348 Matsusita transistors used.

All Matsusita pre-amp transistors did not meet the specs anymore and had to be replaced,
the input transistor 2SB346 of the power-amp section, had a of 1, and was intermittent and did not amplify anymore,
but
attenuated the input signal, initially the should be 95.
The first input transistors 2SB348, you may use AC126 (Philips, Norelco, Valvo) as replacement, this is a LN version of the AC125.


This Lafayette LA-200 amp has + to ground.
The power-supply diodes were 1A 100V types by Hitachi, these were replaced by 10A 500V general purpose diodes.
The already "star" grounding topology should be extended by 2 wires at least, to complete the grounding as it should be.
Also the power line - leads (red) should be extended by 1 wire to get the power rail right.

I ommitted the mains switch 117 - 230 V as in Europe this switch will never be used.
Also the speaker-polarity switch as it is not of any use today. I left both switches in the amp.

The "power transistor protection" circuit works great, it stops the power amps from amplification of the signal actively,
when the amp is over its power capability. If it protects the power transistors? probably, but not in all situations obviously,
as there are many causes that can destroy the amps final transistors, overdriving the amp is only one.

Electrolytic capacitors replaced, the old do not meet the specs anymore. But 15-46, 15-48??? what it means??? read on below. ^

^ These show like electrolytic capacitors, but they are not: High integration did not start in the 1980's: it started already in the 1960's.
These rare "look alikes" * are transistor-emitter integrated devices, yes really they are:
consisting out of a resistor and a capacitor, complete with clue-less print on the can,
no indication on the schematic diagram what 15-48 may mean and what the lead indication 1 & 3 means,
luckely on the schematic diagram Lafayette issued, the consisting parts are indicated and not the devices themselves.
So the repair was easy to do adding a resistor on the copper side of the pcb's at every emitter-device's place, as you can see on the photo.

* These parts were quite commonly used in the 1960's electronic world.
These particular were made by Elna, but there were also other manuafacturers like Sanyo, Sanken, Nikko etc.
Elna stopped quite early with production of this kind of electronic parts,
since the company recognized that the incorporated electrolytic caps deteriorated quite fast.
Other companies like Sanyo kept on improving this kind of products and later came ie. with the famous STK-module series.

 

Testing after partially restored........ ^

 

The volume-pot had been exchanged at an earlier repair: a unprofessional service attempt,
the pot they used is of German make (Preh) and not fit to be used in this amp: the Loudness-switch was disconnected during this repair.
This pot lacks the 4th connection for the Loudness connection. Also the soldering attempt is a failure.
I exchanged the wrong pot for a Japan make pot with the 4th Loudness connection on it,
and making the Loudness-switch functional again by adding wiring and the disappeared 2x 1000 pF caps, as seen on the photo's below.

 

Germanium power transistors (AD142 Ates Italy, Uce 42V version, repaired) ^
Original power transistors are: 2SB26 Toshiba Japan. v

                          

 

Restore almost complete inside amp, exchange of pot is now one of the last things to do ^

 

Ready: new volume-pot, extra caps & wiring: (same wire-colouring respected), Loudness switch works great, sound is perfect. ^

 

The restored back panel. ^

 

Front restored ^

 

Great product made in Japan, this amp will play fine again for many years to come ^

 

Sound:

The sound is very good and powerful and distortionless for such a small and early 2x 10 Watts amplifier.

 


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Hans Hilberink - PE1MMK - ON9MMK 2002 - Last update: 19-08-2019.